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Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow (1789 – 1862) a fost un pictor romantic german. S-a născut la Berlin şi a fost al doilea fiu al sculptorului Johann Gottfried Schadow. Între anii 1806-1807 Friedrich a fost  soldat. În 1810, el calatoreste cu fratele său mai mare Rudolph la Roma, unde a devenit unul dintre liderii mişcării artistice numita “Nazarini”. O miscare artistica (romantica) de sorginte germana, care cauta spiritualitatea, morala si onestitatea crestinismului primar.

Eng. Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow (1789 – 1862) was a German Romantic painter. He was born in Berlin and was the second son of the sculptor Johann Gottfried Schadow. In 1806-1807 Friedrich served as a soldier. In 1810 he traveled with his elder brother Rudolph to Rome where he became one of the leaders among painters of the Nazarene movement. The name Nazarene was adopted by a group of German Romantic painters who aimed to revive honesty and spirituality in Christian art.

La Roma, Schadow a aprimit una  din primele sale comenzi importante de la Consulul General al Prusiei. În anul 1819, Schadow a fost numit profesor la prestigioasa Academia de Arte din Berlin, unde cu ajutorul capacitatatii sale de instruire temeinică şi-a câştigat mulţi ucenici devotaţi.

Eng. In Rome, Schadow was given one of his first major commissions from the Prussian Consul-General. In 1819, Schadow was appointed professor in the prestigious Berlin Academy of the Arts, and his ability and thorough training gained many devoted disciples.

În 1826, profesorul Schadow a devenit  director al Academiei de Arte din Düsseldorf, unde a reorientat tematica spre   arta creştină. In timp, s-a dezvoltat o dispută majoră cu unul dintre profesori – Heinrich Christoph Kolbe, care se încheie cu demisia sa din Academia de Arte din Düsseldorf  în anul 1832.

Eng. In 1826, Professor Schadow was made director of the Düsseldorf Academy of the Arts, which he reoriented towards the production of Christian art, though he began a major dispute with one of its professors, Heinrich Christoph Kolbe, ending in the latter leaving the Academy in 1832.

În 1837, Schadow selecteaza cei mai buni si mai calificati dintre  elevii săi pentru a decora capela Sf. Apollinaire pe Rin, cu fresce religioase. Când lucrarile au fost terminate, catedrala a fost aclamata, devenind cea mai pura si mai mareata manifestare a laturii spirituale a şcolii din Düsseldorf.

Eng. In 1837, Schadow selected, at request, those of his students best qualified to decorate the chapel of St Apollinaris on the Rhine with frescoes. When finished, they were acclaimed as the fullest and purest manifestation of the spiritual side of the Düsseldorf school.

Faima lui Schadow se bazează mai puţin pe propriile sale creaţii artistice si mai mult pe şcoala pe care a  format-o la Düsseldorf ca reacţie împotriva vechiului stil spiritual şi sacerdotal. Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow a murit la Düsseldorf în 1862 si un monument a fost ridicat în piaţa care îi poartă numele, la un jubileu care a avut loc pentru a comemora perioada cand a condus aceasta academie, formand o adevarata scoala artistica.

Eng. Schadow’s fame rests less on his own artistic creations than on the school he formed in  Düsseldorf, a reaction set against the old spiritual and sacerdotal style. Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow died at Düsseldorf in 1862, and a monument was erected in the square which bears his name at a jubilee held to commemorate his directorate.

Bibliografie note si citate:

Katharina Bott: Das Schadow-Album der Düsseldorfer Akademieschüler von 1851, CoCon-Verlag, Hanau 2009
Cordula A. Grewe: Wilhelm Schadow (1788–1862). Monographie und cataloge raisonné, Dissertation, Universität Freiburg 1998
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