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Cand am prezentat lucrarile lui Eugene von Guerard, pictor australian de origine germana, i-am atribuit stilul si tematica scolii de la Düsseldorf (Germania) – o scoala artistica mai putin cunoscuta amatorilor de arta, dar care a influentat pictura mondiala, devenind cea mai cunoscuta si dominanta scoala a romantismului geman in particular, dar si a celui mondial in general. Şcoala de pictură de la Düsseldorf se referă la un grup de pictori care au predat sau au studiat la Academia din Düsseldorf (acum Staatliche Kunstakademie Düsseldorf) între anii 1830 şi 1840, când Academia a fost condusa  de pictorul Wilhelm von Schadow.

Eng. The Düsseldorf school of painting refers to a group of painters who taught or studied at the Düsseldorf Academy (now the Staatliche Kunstakademie Düsseldorf or Düsseldorf State Art Academy) in the 1830s and 1840s, when the Academy was directed by the painter Wilhelm von Schadow.

Lucrarile Scolii de la  Düsseldorf se caracterizează prin peisaje fin detaliate, totusi  fanteziste, de multe ori folosindu-se de alegorii  religioase sau povestiri alegorice lansate  în peisaje naturale. Membrii de frunte ai Şcolii de la Düsseldorf au pledat pentru „pictura in aer liber”, la fel ca impresionistii, cu tendinţa de a folosi o paleta de culori relativ estompate.

Scoala din Düsseldorf  a fost o parte din mişcarea romantică germană si multi dintre maestrii ei au raspandit tematica si tehnica dezvoltate in aceasta scoala in toata Europa si chiar  peste ocean, pana in America sau Australia.  Membrii de frunte ai Şcolii Düsseldorf  au fost: von Schadow, Karl Friedrich Lessing, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, Andreas Achenbach, Hans Fredrik Gude, Oswald Achenbach şi Adolf Schrödter.

Eng. The work of the Düsseldorf School is characterized by finely detailed yet still fanciful landscapes, often with religious or allegorical stories set in the landscapes. Leading members of the Düsseldorf School advocated „plein air painting”, and tended to use a palette with relatively subdued and even colors. The Düsseldorf School grew out of and was a part of the German Romantic movement. Prominent members of the Düsselorf School included von Schadow, Karl Friedrich Lessing, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, Andreas Achenbach, Hans Fredrik Gude, Oswald Achenbach, and Adolf Schrödter.

Şcoala de la Düsseldorf a avut o influenţă semnificativă asupra Hudson River School din Statele Unite, influenţa pe care am discutat-o cand am prezentat multi din “tonaliştii” americani. Mulţi pictori americani proeminenţi au fost instruiţi la Academia din Düsseldorf şi arta lor a fost influenţata de  aceasta acoala. Printre ei mentionez pe  George Caleb Bingham, David Cronin Edward, Johnson Eastman, Whittredge Worthington, Richard Caton Woodville, William Stanley Haseltine, James McDougal Hart şi William Morris Hunt, precum şi emigranţi germani ca Emanuel Leutze.  (Vezi postarile referitoare la tonaliştii americani).

Eng. The Düsseldorf School had a significant influence on the Hudson River School in the United States, and many prominent Americans trained at the Düsseldorf Academy and show the influence of the Düsseldorf School, including George Caleb Bingham, David Edward Cronin, Eastman Johnson, Worthington Whittredge, Richard Caton Woodville, William Stanley Haseltine, James McDougal Hart, and William Morris Hunt, as well as German émigré Emanuel Leutze.

Bibliografie, note si citate:

Bettina Baumgärtel (Hrsg.): Die Düsseldorfer Malerschule 1819–1918. Ausstellungskatalog. 2 Bände. Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2011
Wikicommons (Eng & Ger)