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Scoala Heidelberg a fost o mişcare artistică australiană din secolul al XIX-lea. Mişcarea a fost descrisă mai tarziu ca o manifestare a impresionismului  australian. Numele de Heidelberg se referă la o zona rurală la  est de Melbourne, în care practicanţii stilului au găsit subiectul acestuia, locatie unde  grupuri de artisti australieni au activat in  domenii si tematicii similare.

Eng. The Heidelberg School was an Australian art movement of the late 19th century. The movement has literally been described as Australian Impressionist. The name refers to the then rural area of Heidelberg east of Melbourne where practitioners of the style found their subject matter, though usage expanded to cover other Australian artists working in similar areas.

Grupul principal a  pictat acolo in  multe  „tabere artistice”, la sfârşitul anilor 1880 şi începutul anilor 1890. Pe lângă Arthur Streeton si  Walter Withers, alţi artişti mari din mişcare au fost Tom Roberts, Frederick McCubbin şi Charles Conder.

Eng. The core group painted there on several occasions at „artist’s camps” in the late 1880s and early 1890s. Besides Arthur Streeton and Walter Withers, other major artists in the movement included Tom Roberts, Frederick McCubbin and Charles Conder.

Artişti şcolii au fost clar influenţati de impresionismul internaţional şi au preluat multe dintre conceptele acestui curent. Ei au pictat peisaje in aer liber, utilizand  arta lor pentru a descrie viaţa de zi cu zi a omului simplu. Ei au arătat un interes deosebit în efectele naturii , lumina, umbre si culori, experimentand o varietate de tehnici numite “pensula impresionista”, adica felul in care se foloseau de pensula si culoare pentru a reda peisajul.

Eng. The School’s artists were clearly influenced by the international Impressionist movement, and took up many of the concepts of the group. They regularly painted plein air landscapes, as well as using art to depict daily life. They showed a keen interest in the instantaneous effects of lighting, and experimented with a variety of brushstroke techniques.

Bibliografie, note si citate:

Astbury, Leigh. City Bushmen: The Heidelberg School and the Rural Mythology. Oxford University Press. 1985.
McCulloch, Alan. The Golden Age of Australian Painting: Impressionism and the Heidelberg School. Lansdowne Publishing. 1977.
Wikicommons (Eng).