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Basilio Pacheco de Santa Cruz Pumacallao (1635-1710) a fost un pictor probabil indigen, care a apartinut populatiei  quechua din Cusco, Peru. El a facut parte din Scoala de la Cuzco (pe care am prezentat-o ieri), o mişcare colonială a pictorilor indigeni educaţi în tradiţia baroc a picturii religioase a Spaniei coloniale. Basilio Santa Cruz este cunoscut sub numele său indigen (quechua), Pumaqallo sau Pumacallao, şi impreuna cu Diego Quispe Tito sunt considerati ca fiind cei mai proeminenti  pictori din tradiţia Şcolii Cuzco.

Eng. Basilio Pacheco de Santa Cruz Pumacallao (1635–1710) was a Quechua painter from Cusco, Peru. He was part of the Cuzco School, a colonial movement of indigenous painters educated in the Baroque religious painting tradition of Spain. Basilio Santa Cruz is also known by his Quechua name, Pumaqallo or Pumacallao, and with Diego Quispe Tito, is regarded as one of the most famous painters in the Cuzco School tradition.

Iniţial, istoricii de artă au crezut că Basilio Santa Cruz ar fi fost un calugar spaniol, dar istoricul Jorge Bouroncle a descoperit in contractele care contineau  comenzile  primite de artist că el a avut si un nume indigen – Pumacallao, nume de familie distinct quechua, care a confirmat  identitatea lui indiana.

Eng. Initially art historians believed Basilio Santa Cruz to be a Spanish friar, but historian Jorge Cornejo Bouroncle discovered contracts commissioning paintings from the artist, revealed that he was Basilio de Santa Cruz Pumacallao, with a distinctly Quechua surname, confirming his identity as an Indian.

Stilul lui Basilio de Santa Cruz este foarte diferit de cel al celuilalt mare contemporan, Diego Quispe Tito, deoarece nu se bazează specific pe gravurile importate din Europa,  desi exista o influenta clara a picturii maestrilor spanioli. Această influenţă poate fi atribuită operelor de artă pe care episcopul Mollinedo le-a adus  de la Madrid. Atelierul său a creat o serie vastă de picturi in care a descris viaţa Sf. Francisc.

Eng. His style is highly distinct from that of contemporary artist Diego Quispe Tito, because it is not based specifically on engravings imported from Europe but also paintings by Spanish artists. This influence can be attributed to the artworks that the Bishop Mollinedo brought back from Madrid. His studio created an extensive series of paintings depicted the life of St. Francis.

Bibliografie, note si citate:

Stratton-Pruitt, Suzanne, ed. The Virgin, Saints, and Angels: South American Paintings 1600—1825 from the Thomas Collection. Milan, Italy: Skira, 2006
Wikicommon (Es & Eng.)