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Villa Lante a Bagnaia

Vila Lante de la Bagnaia este o grădină renascentista construita in stil manierist lângă Viterbo, Italia centrală si atribuit marelui arhitect Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola. Vila este cunoscută sub numele de „Vila Lante”. „Vila Lante” si-a primit actualul nume  cam la o suta de ani dupa construirea ei, cand a devenit proprietatea lui Lante Montefeltro della Rovere, Duce de Bomarzo în secolul al XVII-lea.

Eng. Villa Lante at Bagnaia is a Mannerist garden of surprise near Viterbo, central Italy, attributed to Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola. The villa is known as the „Villa Lante”. However, it did not become known as this until the villa was passed to Ippolito Lante Montefeltro della Rovere, Duke of Bomarzo, in the 17th century, when it was already 100 years old.

Vila Lante este formata din două case (casini) , aproape identice, dar construite de către proprietari diferiţi, într-o perioadă care le separa cu aproximativ  30 de ani. Fiecare cladire are un parter pătrat. cu arcade rustice (loggii) care susţin cladirile construite peste aceste arcade. Fiecare fatada de pe acesta constructie are doar trei ferestre, alternand frontoane rotunde sau ascutite. Fiecare casa are un fel de  turn.

Eng. The Villa Lante is formed by two casini (houses), nearly identical but built by different owners in a period separated by 30 years. Each square building has a ground floor of rusticated arcades or loggias which support a piano nobile above. Each facade on this floor has just three windows, alternating round or pointed pediments. Each window is divided by pilasters in pairs. An upper floor is merely hinted at by small rectangular, mezzanine type, windows above those of the piano nobile. Each casino is then crowned by a tower in the summit of the pantiled roof.

Grădinile de la Villa Lante dispun de cascade,  fântâni şi grote, cu ape curgatoare. Coregrafia vizuală şi armonioasă a apei şi perfecţiunea mecanică a fluxului au fost atinse numai după ce Tommaso Ghinucci, un inginer de Hidraulica si arhitect de la Siena, a fost numit să supravegheze lucrarile hidraulice şi lucrările de construcţie ale sistemului acvatic.

Eng. The gardens of the Villa Lante features cascades to fountains and dripping grottoes. The visual and harmonious choreography of water and the mechanical perfection of its flow was only achieved after Tommaso Ghinucci, a hydraulics engineer and architect from Siena, was called in; it is thought that his role was to oversee the hydrolics and building work.

Bibliografie, note si citate:

Coffin, David The Villa in the Life of Renaissance Rome, Princeton University Press, 1979.
Web. Villa Lente.
Wikicommons (It)